(July 17, 2013) -- Investors who plumped for a middle-sized, equity-focussed hedge fund stood a better chance of outperformance last year than those opting for larger or smaller options, research has found.
US-based, equity-focussed hedge funds with between $500 million and $3 billion performed the best out of their peer group in 2012, partly due to their size, a survey by Tabb Group today has shown.
"Medium-sized hedge funds fared the best in 2012, with 79% reporting positive performance and only 14% experiencing negative performance," the survey said. "Small firms reported the largest percentage of negative performance, but this represented an improvement over 2011. The largest hedge funds had the most mixed results, with a quarter reporting flat results."
Aside from manager talent, the actual size of the hedge fund appeared to be one of the main factors contributing to performance.
Large firms-classed in this study as having more than $3 billion in client assets-have the capital "to invest in the technological and infrastructural requirements needed to comply with new regulation and to expand into new asset classes and regions in search of alpha", Tabb Group said. Smaller firms on the other hand, have the nimbleness to adapt strategies easily and at relatively low cost.
Mid-sized firms, however, straddle these two strata, a position "that allowed these firms to simultaneously punch above their weight and move a bit more quickly".
Some 63% of large firms reported positive performance with 12% reporting a loss. Smaller firms produced similar positive results-62%--but 31% reported losses over 2012, Tabb Group said.
The philosophy behind a firm was also an important factor, the survey showed.
Idea-driven equity-focused funds of all sizes performed 30% better than model-driven strategies in 2012. Only 18% of idea-driven strategies reported negative performance in 2012, compared to 29% of model-driven ones. Some 75% of idea-driven strategies reported positive performance last year, compared to 43% of their model-driven rivals. The remainder were flat.
"It is well-known that some of the trends in the market place are playing havoc with quantitative models right now, including high correlations, liquidity-driven asset prices, persistent global macro crises, and the increase in activist investing," the survey said.
Across the board, hedge funds of all sizes and style persuasion reported inflows over 2012, pushing the industry's total assets under management higher than $2 trillion for the first time since 2008.
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